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Bladder cancer misdiagnosis &
malpractice compensation

Bladder cancer misdiagnosis & malpractice compensation

How much can you claim?

A 20 year old man was compensated for a misdiagnosed bladder tumour. It caused permanent disability which meant he would never work. He was awarded:


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Claiming for bladder cancer negligence

Medical negligence whilst uncommon can have a big impact on your life and wellbeing.

Finding out you have any form of cancer can be a very difficult, but if you suspect that you have had poor treatment leading up to your diagnosis or delayed treatment afterwards it can be  even more difficult to bear.

If you’ve been affected by a late bladder cancer diagnosis or another form of medical negligence we can help you. If those responsible for your care failed to provide you with appropriate treatment, you may be able to bring a claim for misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis. We know that financial compensation cannot undo the harm you have experienced but it can help you to recover without worrying about financial obligations. If you’re looking for answers about what went wrong and why you were let down, a bladder cancer misdiagnosis investigation it can help.

Here at Your Legal Friend, we’ve supported those that have been affected by medical negligence, helping them to secure the compensation and justice that they deserve. Our experienced team of specialist medical negligence  lawyers will be on your side and on hand every step of the way, from initially talking about your potential claim to representing you in court if necessary.

For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today  0808 301 8622    As seen on TV

The time limit on making a bladder cancer claim

If you would like to make a medical claim after suffering from misdiagnosis you must do so within a 3-year period.

The starting point of this timeframe is the ‘date of knowledge’, referring to the point that you first realised you had been misdiagnosed or received a level of care that was below standards. In the case of bladder cancer misdiagnosis claims, this can sometimes occur long after you first visited your GP with concerns and you may even have already started treatment. For this reason, calculating when the ‘date of knowledge’ occurred can be difficult. If you’re unsure whether you can still make a claim following misdiagnosed bladder cancer, we can help you.

Even though you have 3 years to make a medical negligence claim in Court, we recommend that you start the process sooner rather than later. Not only does this mean that it will be concluded quicker too, it can make the process smoother. To support your claim, we will gather evidence, such as a witness statement from yourself and medical records, and this is often a simpler and swifter task when done closer to the ‘date of knowledge’.

If you do not claim within the set time period, your claim will be considered ‘statute barred’ or ‘out of time’ and will unfortunately not be taken further. There are two exceptions to this rule, in the case of children and if the negligence directly led to a fatality. In these cases suing the NHS for negligence is still possible as the date on which time begins to run is the date of the child’s 18th birthday, and in the case of fatalities, from the date of death.

Throughout your claim, Your Legal Friend will help you every step of the way

  • Specialist team of cancer negligence solicitors
  • A wealth of knowledge and expertise
  • Advice, support and guidance throughout your claim
  • No win, no fee – guaranteed
  • Over 30 years’ experience in personal injury compensation
I am very happy and satisfied with the settlement you achieved for me and the service was excellent and thank you very much

Mrs E. Swaffield

Our bladder cancer negligence experience

Our medical negligence team has years of experience working on a wide variety of cancer negligence cases so we understand just how difficult a decision it can be to bring a bladder cancer negligence case.

That’s why we are committed to guiding you through every step of the process. We ensure that your claim is handled carefully and professionally by our specialist solicitors, while working alongside medical experts, to guarantee the best results for you.

Our bladder cancer negligence team is headed by Laura Morgan who has a wealth of experience in leading complicated, high value bladder cancer negligence cases.

Laura is recognised within the legal profession as a leader in the field of medical negligence and serious injury compensation. Laura has acted in a wide range of cases over her 17 years of practice and has particular expertise in acting for children who have suffered brain injury due to mismanaged birth or surgical errors, and in managing claims that have resulted in the death of a loved one. Laura has achieved a number of large settlements including £5.4 million for a 7 year old and £4 million for an 11 year old child.

Laura’s expertise and dedication to her clients is recognised in the Chambers guide to the Legal Profession in which she was praised for the efficiency of her approach to case handling and described as “tenacious and detail-oriented”.

Laura has been a member of the Law Society Clinical Negligence Panel since 2005 and accredited as a Senior Litigator in the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers (APIL) since 2006. Laura is also a member of the specialist lawyers panel for Action against Medical Accidents (AvMA), the UK’s leading charity committed to patient safety and justice.

The effects of medical negligence can be devastating for the individual and their families, so securing appropriate compensation for them as quickly as possible is our top priority.

Laura Morgan
Director of Medical Negligence

*Our No Win, No Fee agreement

Pay nothing if you lose your case, get maximum compensation if you win

Whatever the nature of your bladder cancer negligence claim, we always seek the maximum level of compensation for our clients – and if your case is unsuccessful, we don’t charge you any fees. This is our guarantee for all standard bladder cancer negligence claims.

With our no win, no fee guarantee, you pay nothing, unless you win your compensation claim. At that point you will only pay your insurance premium, if applicable, and the success fee, which will never be more than 25% of the amount you win.

No Win, No Fee Solicitors

Start your claim in 10 minutes

For a FREE, confidential, no-obligation assessment of your claim, simply complete this short form. We aim to call you back within 10 minutes.

For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today  0808 301 8622    As seen on TV

The bladder cancer negligence claims process

Step 1 - Obtaining your medical records

We ask you to sign forms of authority so that we can obtain your medical records from your GP and any hospitals that have treated you.

Step 2 - Providing your statement of what happened

As the medical experts we instruct need to know what happened during your treatment, we work with you to draft a detailed, accurate statement in your own words.

Step 3 - Minimising your loss

You are responsible for minimising the losses you have incurred as a result of the alleged medical negligence, so you need to attend any available treatments that could aid your recovery.  You may also need to return to work as soon as it’s safe to do so.

Step 4 - Establishing that a breach of duty occurred

You must prove that the treatment you received fell below the standard expected of a reasonably competent and skilful medical specialist of the type who treated you and that, as a result, you suffered a loss or injury. To do this, we obtain independent medical evidence from an expert in the appropriate area of medicine.

Step 5 - Establishing the effect of the breach of duty

We have to establish whether the sub-standard treatment you received is likely to have led to your injury or loss.  As this can be difficult to establish, you may need to see one or more medical experts who will assess your current condition and what the future holds for you.

Step 6 - Calculating the value of your claim

The value of your claim comprises:

  • general damages for the pain, suffering and impact of the negligence on your daily life both now and in the future
  • actual financial losses such as loss of earnings, cost of care, medical and travel expenses.

Step 7 - Proving your loss

You need to keep all original financial documents safe as these will be needed when we prepare your case to go to Court.  These documents include accounts, payslips, and receipts for expenses and medical treatments.

Step 8 - Preparing your case for Court

Although only a small number of cases proceed to a trial, we prepare every case for this eventuality.

Step 9 - Attending the trial in Court

The trial takes place before a Circuit or High Court judge who will make a decision based on the evidence we have prepared.

Step 10 - Awarding your compensation claim

If you win your case, the amount of compensation will be decided by negotiation with the defendant or, if your case goes to trial, by the judge. The defendant will usually be ordered to pay us the costs we have incurred in preparing your case. We will also agree a date by which your compensation will be paid to us so that we can pay your compensation as quickly as possible.

Frequently asked questions

Can I claim for bladder cancer misdiagnosis?

If you’ve been affected by misdiagnosis when you were suffering with bladder cancer you may be able to make a claim for compensation. In order to be successful, you will need to demonstrate that medical professionals failed t o provide you with the proper treatment and as a result you have had a worse outcome.

Successful bladder cancer misdiagnosis claims can be based on many factors, for instance:

  • The GP not recognising the symptoms and ordering the necessary tests
  • Test results being read incorrectly
  • An unnecessary delay in the referral process
  • Medical professionals failing to follow up test results that show abnormalities

If you’re unsure whether you have medical negligence claim for delay in bladder cancer diagnosis, you can contact us to discuss your experiences.

How much compensation will I get?

The amount of compensation you could receive varies. The final amount depends upon your personal circumstances, that is how you have been affected physically and emotionally by the negligence and what financial losses you have experienced in the past and what the future will hold for you and your family

For example:

  • The impact the misdiagnosis had on the treatment options
  • Whether a delayed diagnosis meant the cancer developed further or spread to other areas of the body
  • The effect of misdiagnosis on the survival rate of bladder cancer
  • The undue suffering that was caused by misdiagnosis
  • How the delayed diagnosis and treatment will affect your quality of life

Delay in bladder cancer diagnosis claims can also involve other factors when calculating the value, including loss of income, travel expenses, and additional medical costs.   

It’s not possible to value your claim without fully understanding your circumstances and how it has affected you,  but we will talk to you about this and give you the best advice that we can as your case progresses.

How long do I have to make a claim?

If you would like to bring a misdiagnosis for bladder cancer claim forward, there is a time limit that you must be aware of. The time limit starts from the ‘date of knowledge’ and gives patients that have been affected three years to hold those responsible to account.

The term ‘date of knowledge’ can make it difficult to understand whether some claims fall within the specified timeframe. The term refers to the point that you first realised that a misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis had occurred. In some cases, this can be sometime after you first visited your GP with concerns. If you’re unsure whether you have a claim that you can take forward, speaking to our team can help you understand and pinpoint the ‘date of knowledge’. In most cancer cases it is the date of diagnosis.

While you do have up to 3 years to make a compensation claim in Court, we recommend that you start the process as soon as possible. While we know bladder cancer misdiagnosis compensation claims are often the last thing on patients’ minds, it can help the process. Closer to the ‘date of knowledge’ it’s easier for those affected to recall details, such as the severity of symptoms or how a doctor responded. Evidence used to support your case, such as medical records and witness statements, are also often easier to obtain if the process starts sooner.

For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today  0808 301 8622    As seen on TV

What causes bladder cancer?

All types of cancer are the result of cells growing abnormally and creating masses known as tumours. In the case of bladder cancer, the cells that initially began acting differently are from the bladder lining, which can then spread to affect the surrounding muscles and other parts of the body.

In the UK, around 10,400 people are diagnosed with bladder cancer every year, making it the 7th most common cancer in the country. There are numerous causes and risk factors associated with the disease. Among factors that have been linked to increasing the risk of developing bladder cancer are:

  • Smoking – Smoking is the biggest risk factor linked with bladder cancer because tobacco contains carcinogenic chemicals. It’s possible for the bladder to be affected by these harmful chemicals. The NHS estimates that around a third of all bladder cancers are caused by smoking.
  • Exposure chemicals – Estimates suggest that around a quarter of bladder cancer cases are linked to exposure to certain industrial chemicals. Among these chemicals are aniline dyes, Benzedrine, 2-napthylamine, and 4-aminobiphenyl.

Other factors have also been associated with bladder cancer but the research supporting these links have less evidence and are present in fewer cases. These include:

  • Previous radiotherapy to treat cancers near the bladder
  • Certain chemotherapy treatments
  • Past surgery to remove part of the prostate gland
  • Diabetes
  • Having an indwelling catheter for a long period of time
  • Long-term or repeated urinary tract infections (UTIs)
  • Long-term bladder stones
  • Early menopause

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

The most common bladder cancer symptom is blood in the urine. It’s often the bladder cancer sign that patients first notice. The symptom isn’t usually associated with pain and it may come and go or may not always be noticeable. Around 80% of people will bladder cancer have some blood in their urine, even if it isn’t always visible.

Other signs of bladder cancer are less common but include:

  • A need to urinate more frequently
  • Sudden urges to urinate
  • A burning sensation when passing urine

In some cases it is possible for the early signs of bladder cancer to be missed and the NHS recommends making a GP appointment if you ever have blood in your urine. However, in most cases blood being present signals another condition, such as a UTI or kidney stones, rather than bladder cancer.

As the cancer develops and begins to spread beyond the bladder lining other symptoms may become present, including:

  • Pelvic pain
  • Bone pain
  • Unintentional weight loss
  • Swelling of the legs

How is bladder cancer diagnosed?

The first step to a bladder cancer diagnosis is often an appointment with a GP. Your doctor should speak with you about your symptoms, family history, and exposure to possible risk factors. It’s likely they will also ask you for a urine sample that can be further tested for abnormal cells. If your doctor believes you have bladder cancer you will be referred for further testing at a hospital.

The NHS has guidelines to outline how quickly patients should be referred if a doctor suspects bladder cancer. In some cases this should be as quickly as 2 weeks. There are several ways health professionals can obtain a bladder cancer diagnosis. In most cases you will be offered a cystoscopy first. This is where a specialist examines the inside of the bladder by passing a cystoscope through the urethra.

If further examination is needed or abnormalities have been found, other tests may include:

  • CT scan
  • MRI scan
  • Intravenous urogram
  • Transurethral resection of a bladder tumour – this is where a sample of the bladder is removed and tested for cancerous cells.

After a diagnosis has been obtained it’s important for professionals to stage and grade the cancer. This process affects the treatment you will be offered and signals how developed the cancer is and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.

Can bladder cancer be misdiagnosed?

It is possible for bladder cancer misdiagnosis to occur. The typically mild symptoms of the disease means that the initial signs of bladder cancer can be associated with other conditions at first, resulting in a delay in treatment beginning. Achieving an accurate diagnosis often relies on the GP to spot the early warning signs and refer a patient for further testing.

A late bladder cancer diagnosis can have a serious impact on the treatment options available and the chances of the patient beating the disease. There are a number of conditions that bladder cancer may be misdiagnosed as, including:

  • A bladder infection, urinary tract infection (UTI), or cystitis
  • Overactive bladder
  • A kidney infection
  • Bladder stones
  • Enlarged prostate gland
  • Benign bladder tumours
For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today  0808 301 8622    As seen on TV

How is bladder cancer treated?

All hospitals in the UK use multidisciplinary teams to treat bladder cancer. These teams contain specialists in a variety of areas who will consider your personal circumstances, from the stage of the cancer to your general health, to create a treatment plan for you. Treatment will also consider the type of bladder cancer you have. While the team will make recommendations and talk you through different options, the final decision remains with the patient.

  • Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer

If you’ve been diagnosed with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, the treatment you’re recommended will depend on the risk of the cancer spreading or returning following treatment. Treatment for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer may include:

  • Transurethral resection of a bladder tumour – Where visible tumours are cut away from the bladder
  • Chemotherapy
  • Bacillus Calmette-Guerin treatment
  • Cystectomy – An operation where the bladder is removed


  • Muscle-invasive bladder cancer

Again, the treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer will depend on your personal situation, including how far the cancer has spread. Treatment will aim to cure the condition where possible but if this isn’t the case it will aim to control the cancer and relieve symptoms. Treatment options include:

  • Cystectomy – Where the bladder is removed during an operation
  • Radiotherapy with a radiosensitiiser
  • Chemotherapy

What are the different types of bladder cancer?

There are several different types of bladder cancer. The type of cancer indicates the type of cells and where the cancer first began to develop. The type of cancer diagnosed can have an impact on the treatment that is recommended for a patient.

The most common form of bladder cancer in the UK is transitional cell bladder cancer. Around 90% of all bladder cancers are this type, sometimes referred to as urothelial cancer, and it’s starts if the cells of the bladder lining. Transitional cell cancer are split into a further two categories – non-muscle invasive bladder cancer and invasive bladder cancer – and the treatment for the two is very different.

Other forms of bladder cancer include:

  • Squamous cell bladder cancer – Only around 5% of bladder cancers in the UK are this type but it’s a type that’s more common in developing countries. Squamous cells are the cells that make up the moist tissue that lines the body’s organs
  • Andenocarcinoma of the bladder – Just to 2% of bladder cancer in the UK are adenocarcinoma of the bladder. This type of cancer starts in the cells that line the bladder and produce mucus.

There are other forms of bladder cancers but these are rare. It’s also possible for cancers that started in other parts of the body, such as the prostate or cervix, to spread to the bladder, these are known as secondary cancers.

What is the bladder cancer survival rate?

In the UK, there are around 10,000 new cases of bladder cancer each year and in 2014 5,369 patients died due to the disease. In total half of those diagnosed with bladder cancer survive for 10 years of more and 72% survive their diagnosis by more than a year but the survival rate varies depending on many different factors.

Cancer Research UK explains that it’s difficult to interpret bladder cancer statistics because of the changes in classification and coding practices. However, the figures show that when diagnosed at the earliest stage more than 8 in 10 people with bladder cancer survive their disease by five years or more. If the cancer isn’t diagnosed until the last stage, then just 1 in 10 people outlive their diagnosis by more than 5 years. Age also has an impact, with those that are younger more likely to beat the disease and the survival rate is higher in men than women.