Call me back

Hyperbilirubinemia &
jaundice in newborns claims

Hyperbilirubinemia & jaundice in newborns claims

How much can you claim?

Failure to diagnose a newborn baby's severe hyperbilirubinemia caused profound deafness and brain damage. She was awarded:


Start your claim in 10 minutes

For a FREE, confidential, no-obligation assessment of your claim, simply complete this short form. We aim to call you back within 10 minutes.

Our accreditations

Claiming for hyperbilirubinemia

Medical negligence whilst uncommon can have a big impact on your life and wellbeing.

While hyperbilirubinemia and jaundice is common among newborns, it doesn’t often need treatment or cause any long-term issues. However, when it isn’t monitored properly it can develop and cause potentially life threatening complications, causing both the baby and their family undue suffering. Where medical negligence has occurred, families may be able to make a claim against those responsible.

Hyperbilirubinemia occurs in over half of babies and the vast majority are properly monitored and treated where necessary by the NHS. But for the few that experience medical negligence it can be a traumatic and stressful period, especially if hyperbilirubinemia develops into kernicterus, which can cause permanent brain damage. If you and your baby have been affected by medical negligence, it’s right that you’re able to hold those responsible to account. With the support of the highly efficient and experienced Your Legal Friend team, you’ll have the best possible chance of securing the finance and answers that you deserve.

We understand that any compensation claim can be difficult for those involved, with medical claims being particularly challenging. That’s why we have a dedicated team that supports and works on behalf of those affected. Using our knowledge and skills, we’ll be by your side from when you first start the claims process through to representing you in court where necessary. To find out how you could make a hyperbilirubinemia claim, contact our team today.

For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today  0808 301 8622    As seen on TV

The time limit on making a hyperbilirubinemia claim

There is a time limit on making any medical negligence claim, including those for when your baby has been affected by hyperbilirubinemia. From the date that you first became aware that negligence had occurred, you have three years to escalate your claim to the next step.

While the maximum time limit you have to act is three years, it’s advisable to act as soon as you become aware of the medical negligence that occurred. This means that your case not only finishes sooner, allowing you to move forward, but it can support your case too. We’ll use evidence to support your claim, including a witness statement from you providing details of your experience. For many people, it’s easier for them to write their witness statement the sooner they undertake the task. Other evidence, such as medical records, can often be easier for the team representing you to obtain the sooner action is taken too.

If you do not claim within the set time period, your claim will be considered ‘statute barred’ or ‘out of time’ and will unfortunately not be taken further. There are two exceptions to this rule, in the case of children and if the negligence directly led to a fatality. In these cases suing the NHS for negligence is still possible as the date on which time begins to run is the date of the child’s 18th birthday, and in the case of fatalities, from the date of death.

Whether you’re unsure how long you have to take action or would like some guidance on what your next steps should be, Your Legal Friend is here to help you. Backed by years of experience, our hyperbilirubinemia medical negligence solicitors have the legal expertise you need to give your case the best possible chance of success.

Throughout your claim, Your Legal Friend will help you every step of the way

  • Specialist team of medical negligence solicitors
  • A wealth of knowledge and expertise
  • Advice, support and guidance throughout your claim
  • No win, no fee – guaranteed
  • Over 30 years’ experience in personal injury compensation
I am very happy and satisfied with the settlement you achieved for me and the service was excellent and thank you very much

Mrs E. Swaffield

Our hyperbilirubinemia claims experience

Our medical negligence team has years of experience working on a wide variety of birth injury cases so we understand just how difficult a decision it can be to bring a hyperbilirubinemia case.

That’s why we are committed to guiding you through every step of the process. We ensure that your claim is handled carefully and professionally by our specialist solicitors, while working alongside medical experts, to guarantee the best results for you.

Our birth injury team is headed by Laura Morgan who has a wealth of experience in leading complicated, high value hyperbilirubinemia cases.

Laura is recognised within the legal profession as a leader in the field of medical negligence and serious injury compensation. Laura has acted in a wide range of cases over her 17 years of practice and has particular expertise in acting for children who have suffered brain injury due to mismanaged birth or surgical errors, and in managing claims that have resulted in the death of a loved one. Laura has achieved a number of large settlements including £5.4 million for a 7 year old and £4 million for an 11 year old child.

Laura’s expertise and dedication to her clients is recognised in the Chambers guide to the Legal Profession in which she was praised for the efficiency of her approach to case handling and described as “tenacious and detail-oriented”.

Laura has been a member of the Law Society Clinical Negligence Panel since 2005 and accredited as a Senior Litigator in the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers (APIL) since 2006. Laura is also a member of the specialist lawyers panel for Action against Medical Accidents (AvMA), the UK’s leading charity committed to patient safety and justice.

The effects of medical negligence can be devastating for the individual and their families, so securing appropriate compensation for them as quickly as possible is our top priority.

Laura Morgan
Director of Medical Negligence

*Our No Win, No Fee agreement

Pay nothing if you lose your case, get maximum compensation if you win

Whatever the nature of your birth injury claim, we always seek the maximum level of compensation for our clients – and if your case is unsuccessful, we don’t charge you any fees. This is our guarantee for all standard birth injury claims.

With our no win, no fee guarantee, you pay nothing, unless you win your compensation claim. At that point you will only pay your insurance premium, if applicable, and the success fee, which will never be more than 25% of the amount you win.

No Win, No Fee Solicitors

Start your claim in 10 minutes

For a FREE, confidential, no-obligation assessment of your claim, simply complete this short form. We aim to call you back within 10 minutes.

For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today  0808 301 8622    As seen on TV

The hyperbilirubinemia claims process

Step 1 - Obtaining your medical records

We ask you to sign forms of authority so that we can obtain your medical records from your GP and any hospitals that have treated you.

Step 2 - Providing your statement of what happened

As the medical experts we instruct need to know what happened during your treatment, we work with you to draft a detailed, accurate statement in your own words.

Step 3 - Minimising your loss

You are responsible for minimising the losses you have incurred as a result of the alleged medical negligence, so you need to attend any available treatments that could aid your recovery.  You may also need to return to work as soon as it’s safe to do so.

Step 4 - Establishing that a breach of duty occurred

You must prove that the treatment you received fell below the standard expected of a reasonably competent and skilful medical specialist of the type who treated you and that, as a result, you suffered a loss or injury.  To do this, we obtain independent medical evidence from an expert in the appropriate area of medicine.

Step 5 - Establishing the effect of the breach of duty

We have to establish whether the sub-standard treatment you received is likely to have led to your injury or loss. As this can be difficult to establish, you may need to see one or more medical experts who will assess your current condition and what the future holds for you.

Step 6 - Calculating the value of your claim

The value of your claim comprises:

  • general damages for the pain, suffering and impact of the negligence on your daily life both now and in the future
  • actual financial losses such as loss of earnings, cost of care, medical and travel expenses.

Step 7 - Proving your loss

You need to keep all original financial documents safe as these will be needed when we prepare your case to go to Court. These documents include accounts, payslips, and receipts for expenses and medical treatments.

Step 8 - Preparing your case for Court

Although only a small number of cases proceed to a trial, we prepare every case for this eventuality.

Step 9 - Attending the trial in Court

The trial takes place before a Circuit or High Court judge who will make a decision based on the evidence we have prepared.

Step 10 - Awarding your compensation claim

If you win your case, the amount of compensation will be decided by negotiation with the defendant or, if your case goes to trial, by the judge. The defendant will usually be ordered to pay us the costs we have incurred in preparing your case. We will also agree a date by which your compensation will be paid to us so that we can pay your compensation as quickly as possible.

Frequently asked questions

Can I claim for hyperbilirubinemia?

If your baby experienced hyperbilirubinemia that wasn’t properly monitored or treated, leading to complications developing, you may be able to make a compensation claim. In order to be successful, you will need to demonstrate that medical negligence was involved and it caused you and your child undue suffering.

Every hyperbilirubinemia case is unique and there are many ways that medical negligence can occur when your baby has jaundice, for example:

  • Your baby’s newborn examination not being conducted thoroughly.
  • Health professionals failing to conduct the necessary tests when you raised concerns about symptoms of jaundice.
  • Those responsible for the care of your baby failing to start treatment when bilirubin levels indicated it was necessary.
  • Failure to perform underlying tests to identify potential causes of prolonged jaundice.
  • A delay in treatment for jaundice, leading to complications arising.
  • A failure to monitor how treatment is progressing in order to identify if further options may be needed.

Undue suffering that you’ve experienced can also vary between cases. In the most extreme cases, where a baby has developed kernicterus there may be long-term brain damage and you will be able to demonstrate that your child’s quality of life has been affected as a result. Undue suffering could also cover areas, such as psychological stress, financial pressure due to lost earnings, or additional costs.

How much compensation will I get?

Each compensation case considers how the medical negligence has affected you when it comes to the amount that has been awarded. This means that it’s impossible to say how much your hyperbilirubinemia negligence case could be worth without first understanding your experiences and the impact it’s had on your life.

When you work with us, we’ll take the time to listen to you. By fully understanding how you’ve been affected, we can give your personal case a value that accurately reflects what you’ve been through.

Every year the NHS pays out millions to those that have been affected by medical negligence and those that have been severely affected receive significant sums. By getting in touch with the Your Legal Friend team today, we can help you understand just how much your potential case could be worth and start the process of taking your claim forward.

How long do I have to make a claim?

If you would like to make a claim after experiencing medical negligence when your baby had hyperbilirubinemia you have three years to take you claim forward.

The time limit doesn’t start from when your baby first became ill or when a diagnosis was made. Instead it starts from the date that you realised medical negligence had occurred. In some cases that can be a considerable amount of time after it happened, particularly if the process of diagnosis was long or you weren’t fully aware of the steps that should have been taken considering the symptoms.

If you’re not sure when your ‘date of knowledge’ occurred you can seek help from Your Legal Friend. Our expert medical negligence solicitors have the knowledge and skills to help you unravel the timeline of your case and explain when you need to take the next steps by.

Despite having up to three years to act, we advise you do so sooner. We understand that a compensation claim is likely to be the last thing on your mind after your child has been ill but it can help build your case. We’ll take a witness statement from you to highlight how you’ve been affected and the more details you can recall, the better. We’ll also gather other forms of evidence, including medical records, to support your case and these can be easier to obtain the sooner we put in a request.

For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today  0808 301 8622    As seen on TV

What is hyperbilirubinemia?

Hyperbilirubinemia is a condition that can affect newborns. Bilirubin is a compound that helps the body clears waste when aged red blood cells are destroyed. Babies are not able to get rid of bilirubin as easily as adults, leading to it building up in the blood and other tissue.

Most babies experience slightly higher levels of bilirubin when they are first born. This is because their liver must take over getting rid of the product rather than the placenta. It’s usually just observed in low levels and shouldn’t be a cause for concern. However, if large amounts of bilirubin are present in the body, it can potentially cause permanent brain damage by developing into a condition called kernicterus.

As a result, it’s important that hyperbilirubinemia is spotted and treated where necessary, stopping it from progressing.

How is hyperbilirubinemia linked to jaundice?

Hyperbilirubinemia and jaundice are linked. In fact, hyperbilirubinemia is commonly referred to as jaundice, although they do mean different things.

Hyperbilirubinemia means that there is too much bilirubin in the blood. This substance has a yellow colouring which can cause a baby’s skin, eyes, and other tissue to yellow, this is jaundice. Like hyperbilirubinemia, jaundice is usually harmless in babies and treatment can be effectively used to reduce the risk of kernicterus.

In newborns it’s most common for jaundice to develop two or three days after the birth and most of those affected won’t need any treatment. Typically, babies are fully recovered by the time they are two weeks old.

What causes hyperbilirubinemia?

When the baby is in the womb, the placenta removes any waste from the baby. However, after birth the baby’s liver must take over this function. Initially, it can mean that when red bloods cells are broken down the waste left, known as bilirubin, remains in the blood. Too much bilirubin in the blood doesn’t usually cause any problems or long lasting effects but it may need to be monitored and treated to prevent the issue from worsening.

While hyperbilirubinemia isn’t avoidable, there are factors that can increase the risk, including:

  • Breastfeeding – Breastfeeding can increase the chances of jaundice developing. However, there isn’t a need to stop breastfeeding as the symptoms of jaundice will usually last just a few weeks and the benefits of breastfeeding outweigh the risks, according to the NHS.
  • Health conditions – Underlying health conditions may also cause jaundice. These can include an underactive thyroid gland, a urinary tract infection, or rhesus factor disease.

Can hyperbilirubinemia be prevented?

Hyperbilirubinemia can’t be prevented. However, effective treatment can ensure that it doesn’t develop any further and limits the potential risks and complications that can occur.

What are the symptoms of hyperbilirubinemia?

Symptoms of jaundice and hyperbilirubinemia can vary from baby to baby. In most cases, symptoms become noticeable when the baby is around three days old and disappear within a couple of weeks. In premature babies, who are more likely to develop jaundice, it can take longer to develop and lasts for around three weeks.

The most common sign of jaundice in babies is their skin looking slightly yellow, usually starting on their head and face and spreading. Yellowing can be more obvious on the whites of their eyes, inside the mouth, soles of their feet, and the palms of their hands.

Other symptoms of jaundice include:

  • Poor feeding
  • Being sleepy
  • A high-pitched cry
  • Being limp or floppy
  • Dark, yellow urine
  • Pale poo
For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today  0808 301 8622    As seen on TV

How is hyperbilirubinemia diagnosed?

In most cases hyperbilirubinemia and jaundice are diagnosed very early. As part of the newborn physical examination, which should be conducted within 72 hours of birth, your baby will be checked for signs of jaundice. However, as jaundice can develop several days after birth, it’s important to keep an eye out for any signs of the condition.

If your suspect jaundice after noticing the symptoms, you should contact your GP or health visitor, who will carry out tests. Tests to detect jaundice include:

  • Visual examination – A visual examination will include looking at your baby’s skin, as well as other areas, such as the whites of their eyes and their gums.
  • Bilirubin test – A device called a bilirubinometer, which shines light onto your baby’s skin, or a blood test can be used to measure the levels of bilirubin in your baby’s blood.

Typically, these are the only tests that are needed to diagnosis jaundice and decide whether treatment is necessary. However, if the condition persists for more than two weeks or it is determined that treatment is needed, blood will be taken and analysed to identify a number of areas, including:

  • The baby’s blood group, in order to see if it’s incompatible with the mother’s
  • Whether any antibodies, which fight infections, are present within the red blood cells
  • The number of cells in the baby’s blood
  • Signs of an infections
  • Whether there’s an enzyme deficiency

These tests will help medical professionals to determine if there’s another reason behind the increased levels of bilirubin in your baby’s blood, allowing them to create a tailored treatment plan if necessary.

How is hyperbilirubinemia treated?

In most cases hyperbilirubinemia won’t require any treatment and the condition will improve on it’s on over a period of two weeks. However, if there are very high levels of bilirubin in your baby’s blood or jaundice doesn’t improve on its own, treatment may be necessary.

If there’s a risk that kernicterus, a rare but potentially life threatening complication of hyperbilirubinemia, could develop, treatment should also be delivered.

Treatment for hyperbilirubinemia will depend on the extent of jaundice, your baby’s overall health, and medical history, but may include:

  • Phototherapy

Bilirubin absorbs lights and blue spectrum lights can be used to help decrease levels – a process known as phototherapy. By breaking down the bilirubin this treatment makes it easier for the baby’s liver to remove the excess bilirubin from their blood. The treatment is usually given throughout the day and night, with regular intervals so they can be fed, changed, and held. The levels of bilirubin should also be regularly monitored to see how the treatment is progressing.

There are two types of phototherapy. The most common used is conventional phototherapy, where the baby is laid under a halogen or fluorescent lamp. Fibreoptic phototherapy may be used if the conventional method hasn’t worked. It involves your baby lying on a blanket that incorporates fibreoptic cables. If neither of these methods work, continuous multiple phototherapy may be offered, where more than one light is used and treatment won’t be stopped, instead food and fluids will be delivered through a tube and intravenously.

  • Exchange transfusion

If phototherapy hasn’t been effective or there are very high levels of bilirubin present, a blood transfusion may be necessary. It involves removing small amounts of blood and replacing it with donor blood that doesn’t contain bilirubin, allowing overall levels to fall quickly.

If hyperbilirubinemia is being caused by other underlying conditions, such as an infection or rhesus disease, this will also need to be treated alongside the jaundice in order to be effective.

What are the complications of hyperbilirubinemia?

The main concern with hyperbilirubinemia is that it will develop into kernicterus. While very rare in the UK – affecting less than one in every 100,000 babies born – it’s a serious complication.

Kernicterus occurs when jaundice is left unmonitored and untreated in babies. It happens when very high levels of bilirubin are in the blood that then cross into the brain. It can cause extensive and permanent brain damage and affect the central nervous system. In some cases, kernicterus can even be life threatening.

If your baby has jaundice, whether they are in hospital or at home, the condition should be monitored to ensure that it doesn’t develop. Symptoms of kernicterus include:

  • Decreased awareness of the world around them
  • Muscles becoming unusually floppy
  • Poor feeding
  • Seizures
  • Arching of the neck and spine

If treatment isn’t delivered for kernicterus, risks include:

  • Cerebral palsy
  • Hearing loss
  • Learning difficulties
  • Involuntary twitching in body parts
  • Problems maintaining normal eye movement
  • Poor development of teeth

For this reason, it’s important that hyperbilirubinemia is diagnosed and treated where necessary, even though it commonly doesn’t cause any problems or develop.

What are the statistics on hyperbilirubinemia?

Most babies are actually affected by hyperbilirubinemia. It’s thought that around 60% of newborns have increased levels of bilirubin during their first few days following birth. Jaundice is also common, especially in premature babies, with around 80% of them experiencing this condition.