Surgical mesh can be both temporary and permanent, it’s a loosely woven sheet that is used to support organs and other tissue during surgery, with the aim of providing additional support and giving the body time to strengthen. It can be made from a range of different materials but in the UK it is usually made from synthetic polypropylene.
Permanent meshes remain will remain in the body, continuing to provide support where damage has occurred, while temporary surgical mesh will dissolve over a period of time. In some cases, a combination of permanent and temporary mesh is used, allowing medical professionals to provide patients with a greater level of support initially and maintain a lower level once a portion has dissolved.
In many cases, the use of surgical mesh is a success but there are a growing number of claims from those that have been affected by complications. The healthcare sector is also facing a growing number of calls for some surgical mesh procedures to be suspended while research into what is causing the complications and how to minimise them is conducted.
There are different types of surgical mesh, from the materials that it is made from to the pore size. A variety of different areas should be considered when selecting the right surgical mesh for each surgery. For instance, mesh with smaller pores may be a preferred option for surgery taking place around bowel tissue, as it means the mesh will be incorporated into this delicate tissue on a reduced level when compared to alternatives.