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Bladder Cancer Misdiagnosis

If your bladder cancer was misdiagnosed or not treated correctly you could be entitled to claim compensation. 

A photo of Mrs Swaffield

I am very happy and satisfied with the settlement you achieved for me and the service was excellent and thank you very much

Mrs E.Swaffield
Loughborough

Claiming for bladder cancer negligence

Medical negligence whilst uncommon can have a big impact on your life and wellbeing.

Finding out you have any form of cancer can be a very difficult, but if you suspect that you have had poor treatment leading up to your diagnosis or delayed treatment afterwards it can be even more difficult to bear.

If you’ve been affected by a late bladder cancer diagnosis or another form of medical negligence we can help you. If those responsible for your care failed to provide you with appropriate treatment, you may be able to bring a claim for misdiagnosis or delayed diagnosis of cancer. We know that financial compensation cannot undo the harm you have experienced but it can help you to recover without worrying about financial obligations. If you’re looking for answers about what went wrong and why you were let down, a bladder cancer misdiagnosis investigation it can help.

Here at Your Legal Friend, we’ve supported those that have been affected by medical negligence, helping them to secure the compensation and justice that they deserve. Our experienced team of specialist medical negligence lawyers will be on your side and on hand every step of the way, from initially talking about your potential claim to representing you in court if necessary.

The time limit for making a claim

If you would like to make a medical claim after suffering from misdiagnosis you must do so within a 3-year period.

The starting point of this timeframe is the ‘date of knowledge’, referring to the point that you first realised you had been misdiagnosed or received a level of care that was below standards. In the case of bladder cancer misdiagnosis claims, this can sometimes occur long after you first visited your GP with concerns and you may even have already started treatment. For this reason, calculating when the ‘date of knowledge’ occurred can be difficult. If you’re unsure whether you can still make a claim following misdiagnosed bladder cancer, we can help you.

Even though you have 3 years to make a medical negligence claim in Court, we recommend that you start the process sooner rather than later. Not only does this mean that it will be concluded quicker too, it can make the process smoother. To support your claim, we will gather evidence, such as a witness statement from yourself and medical records, and this is often a simpler and swifter task when done closer to the ‘date of knowledge’.

If you do not claim within the set time period, your claim will be considered ‘statute barred’ or ‘out of time’ and will unfortunately not be taken further. There are two exceptions to this rule, in the case of children and if the negligence directly led to a fatality. In these cases suing the NHS for negligence is still possible as the date on which time begins to run is the date of the child’s 18th birthday, and in the case of fatalities, from the date of death.

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Our medical negligence team has years of experience working on a wide variety of cancer negligence cases so we understand just how difficult a decision it can be to bring a bladder cancer negligence case.

Bladder cancer misdiagnosis claims team.jpg

That’s why we are committed to guiding you through every step of the process. We ensure that your claim is handled carefully and professionally by our specialist solicitors, while working alongside medical experts, to guarantee the best results for you.

Our bladder cancer negligence team is headed by Laura Morgan who has a wealth of experience in leading complicated, high value bladder cancer negligence cases.

Laura is recognised within the legal profession as a leader in the field of medical negligence and serious injury compensation. Laura has acted in a wide range of cases over her 17 years of practice and has particular expertise in acting for children who have suffered brain injury due to mismanaged birth or surgical errors, and in managing claims that have resulted in the death of a loved one. Laura has achieved a number of large settlements including £5.4 million for a 7 year old and £4 million for an 11 year old child.

Laura’s expertise and dedication to her clients is recognised in the Chambers guide to the Legal Profession in which she was praised for the efficiency of her approach to case handling and described as “tenacious and detail-oriented”.

Laura has been a member of the Law Society Clinical Negligence Panel since 2005 and accredited as a Senior Litigator in the Association of Personal Injury Lawyers (APIL) since 2006. Laura is also a member of the specialist lawyers panel for Action against Medical Accidents (AvMA), the UK’s leading charity committed to patient safety and justice.

If you’d like advice as to whether you might be able to pursue a cancer negligence claim, either call our freephone number 0151 550 5228 or submit your details through the form on this page and we’ll be in touch to schedule a phone call at a time that’s convenient for you. If you decide that you’d like to start a claim, one of our medical malpractice lawyers will be able to tell you whether you can enter into a No Win, No Fee agreement*, meaning that in the event that your claim is unsuccessful, you won’t have to pay any legal costs so there’s no financial risk to you.

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The effects of medical negligence can be devastating for the individual and their families, so securing appropriate compensation for them as quickly as possible is our top priority.

Laura Morgan

Director of Medical Negligence

What our customers say

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“I found the staff to be friendly, helpful, courteous and they kept me well informed on a regular basis”

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Loughborough

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  For a confidential chat, call one of our experts today 0151 550 5228

10 simple steps to claim

Step
1
Obtaining your medical records
Step
2
Providing your statement of what happened
Step
3
Minimising your loss
Step
4
Establishing that a breach of duty occurred
Step
5
Estabilishing the effect of the breach of duty
Step
86
Preparing your case for CourtCalculating the value of your claim
Step
7
Proving your loss
Step
68
Calculating the value of your claimPreparing your case for Court
Step
9
Attending the trial in Court
Step
10
Awarding your compensation claim

Your questions... answered

Can I claim for bladder cancer misdiagnosis?

If you’ve been affected by misdiagnosis when you were suffering with bladder cancer you may be able to make a claim for compensation. In order to be successful, you will need to demonstrate that medical professionals failed to provide you with the proper treatment and as a result you have had a worse outcome.

Successful bladder cancer misdiagnosis claims can be based on many factors, for instance:

• The GP not recognising the symptoms and ordering the necessary tests
• Test results being read incorrectly
• An unnecessary delay in the referral process
• Medical professionals failing to follow up test results that show abnormalities
If you’re unsure whether you have medical negligence claim for delay in bladder cancer diagnosis, you can contact us to discuss your experiences

How much compensation will I get?

The amount of compensation you could receive varies. The final amount depends upon your personal circumstances, that is how you have been affected physically and emotionally by the negligence and what financial losses you have experienced in the past and what the future will hold for you and your family. For example:

• The impact the misdiagnosis had on the treatment options
• Whether a delayed diagnosis meant the cancer developed further or spread to other areas of the body
• The effect of misdiagnosis on the survival rate of bladder cancer
• The undue suffering that was caused by misdiagnosis
• How the delayed diagnosis and treatment will affect your quality of life

Delay in bladder cancer diagnosis claims can also involve other factors when calculating the value, including loss of income, travel expenses, and additional medical costs.

It’s not possible to value your claim without fully understanding your circumstances and how it has affected you, but we will talk to you about this and give you the best advice that we can as your case progresses.

What causes bladder cancer?

All types of cancer are the result of cells growing abnormally and creating masses known as tumours. In the case of bladder cancer, the cells that initially began acting differently are from the bladder lining, which can then spread to affect the surrounding muscles and other parts of the body.

In the UK, around 10,400 people are diagnosed with bladder cancer every year, making it the 7th most common cancer in the country. There are numerous causes and risk factors associated with the disease. Among factors that have been linked to increasing the risk of developing bladder cancer are:

• Smoking – Smoking is the biggest risk factor linked with bladder cancer because tobacco contains carcinogenic chemicals. It’s possible for the bladder to be affected by these harmful chemicals. The NHS estimates that around a third of all bladder cancers are caused by smoking.

• Exposure chemicals – Estimates suggest that around a quarter of bladder cancer cases are linked to exposure to certain industrial chemicals. Among these chemicals are aniline dyes, Benzedrine, 2-napthylamine, and 4-aminobiphenyl.

Other factors have also been associated with bladder cancer but the research supporting these links have less evidence and are present in fewer cases. These include:

• Previous radiotherapy to treat cancers near the bladder
• Certain chemotherapy treatments
• Past surgery to remove part of the prostate gland
• Diabetes
• Having an indwelling catheter for a long period of time
• Long-term or repeated urinary tract infections (UTIs)
• Long-term bladder stones
• Early menopause

Read less

What are the symptoms of bladder cancer?

The most common bladder cancer symptom is blood in the urine. It’s often the bladder cancer sign that patients first notice. The symptom isn’t usually associated with pain and it may come and go or may not always be noticeable. Around 80% of people will bladder cancer have some blood in their urine, even if it isn’t always visible.

Other signs of bladder cancer are less common but include:

• A need to urinate more frequently
• Sudden urges to urinate
• A burning sensation when passing urine

In some cases it is possible for the early signs of bladder cancer to be missed and the NHS recommends making a GP appointment if you ever have blood in your urine. However, in most cases blood being present signals another condition, such as a UTI or kidney stones, rather than bladder cancer.

As the cancer develops and begins to spread beyond the bladder lining other symptoms may become present, including:

• Pelvic pain
• Bone pain
• Unintentional weight loss
• Swelling of the legs

How is bladder cancer diagnosed?

The first step to a bladder cancer diagnosis is often an appointment with a GP. Your doctor should speak with you about your symptoms, family history, and exposure to possible risk factors. It’s likely they will also ask you for a urine sample that can be further tested for abnormal cells. If your doctor believes you have bladder cancer you will be referred for further testing at a hospital.

The NHS has guidelines to outline how quickly patients should be referred if a doctor suspects bladder cancer. In some cases this should be as quickly as 2 weeks. There are several ways health professionals can obtain a bladder cancer diagnosis. In most cases you will be offered a cystoscopy first. This is where a specialist examines the inside of the bladder by passing a cystoscope through the urethra.

If further examination is needed or abnormalities have been found, other tests may include:

• CT scan
• MRI scan
• Intravenous urogram
• Transurethral resection of a bladder tumour – this is where a sample of the bladder is removed and tested for cancerous cells.

After a diagnosis has been obtained it’s important for professionals to stage and grade the cancer. This process affects the treatment you will be offered and signals how developed the cancer is and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.

Can bladder cancer be misdiagnosed?

It is possible for bladder cancer misdiagnosis to occur. The typically mild symptoms of the disease means that the initial signs of bladder cancer can be associated with other conditions at first, resulting in a delay in treatment beginning. Achieving an accurate diagnosis often relies on the GP to spot the early warning signs and refer a patient for further testing.

A late bladder cancer diagnosis can have a serious impact on the treatment options available and the chances of the patient beating the disease. There are a number of conditions that bladder cancer may be misdiagnosed as, including:

• A bladder infection, urinary tract infection (UTI), or cystitis
• Overactive bladder
• A kidney infection
• Bladder stones
• Enlarged prostate gland
• Benign bladder tumours

How is bladder cancer treated?

All hospitals in the UK use multidisciplinary teams to treat bladder cancer. These teams contain specialists in a variety of areas who will consider your personal circumstances, from the stage of the cancer to your general health, to create a treatment plan for you. Treatment will also consider the type of bladder cancer you have. While the team will make recommendations and talk you through different options, the final decision remains with the patient.

Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
If you’ve been diagnosed with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, the treatment you’re recommended will depend on the risk of the cancer spreading or returning following treatment. Treatment for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer may include:

• Transurethral resection of a bladder tumour – Where visible tumours are cut away from the bladder
• Chemotherapy
• Bacillus Calmette-Guerin treatment
• Cystectomy – An operation where the bladder is removed

Muscle-invasive bladder cancer
Again, the treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer will depend on your personal situation, including how far the cancer has spread. Treatment will aim to cure the condition where possible but if this isn’t the case it will aim to control the cancer and relieve symptoms. Treatment options include:

• Cystectomy – Where the bladder is removed during an operation
• Radiotherapy with a radiosensitiiser
• Chemotherapy

What are the different types of bladder cancer?

There are several different types of bladder cancer. The type of cancer indicates the type of cells and where the cancer first began to develop. The type of cancer diagnosed can have an impact on the treatment that is recommended for a patient.

The most common form of bladder cancer in the UK is transitional cell bladder cancer. Around 90% of all bladder cancers are this type, sometimes referred to as urothelial cancer, and it’s starts if the cells of the bladder lining. Transitional cell cancer are split into a further two categories – non-muscle invasive bladder cancer and invasive bladder cancer – and the treatment for the two is very different.

Other forms of bladder cancer include:

• Squamous cell bladder cancer – Only around 5% of bladder cancers in the UK are this type but it’s a type that’s more common in developing countries. Squamous cells are the cells that make up the moist tissue that lines the body’s organs.

• Andenocarcinoma of the bladder – Just to 2% of bladder cancer in the UK are adenocarcinoma of the bladder. This type of cancer starts in the cells that line the bladder and produce mucus.

There are other forms of bladder cancers but these are rare. It’s also possible for cancers that started in other parts of the body, such as the prostate or cervix, to spread to the bladder, these are known as secondary cancers.

Main renal cancer treatment options include:

• Surgery
Surgery aims to remove the cancerous tissue. It can involve a partial nephrectomy, where just a portion of the affected kidney is removed, or a radical nephrectomy, where an entire kidney is removed. Even if it’s necessary to remove a whole kidney it’s possible to live a normal life following the procedure.

• Ablation therapies
Ablation therapies work by destroying the cancerous cells, either by freezing or heating them. It’s typically a treatment option that is recommended only if the tumour is small in size or under certain circumstances, such as it being vital that the kidney continues to work.

• Biological therapies
Biological or targeted therapies are medications that can help stop the cancer from growing or spreading further. It’s usually an option when the cancer has reached an advanced stage. The NHS currently recommends several different biological therapies for renal cancer for routine use.

• Embolisation
If kidney cancer has reached an advanced stage or you’re not a suitable candidate for surgery, the team responsible for your care may suggest embolisation. It’s a process that involves cutting off the blood supply to the tumour, causing it to shrink.

• Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy is usually only used in renal cancer cases if a complete cure isn’t an option. The radiation given during the treatment can slow the progress of the disease and help to alleviate symptoms.

Read less

What is the bladder cancer survival rate?

In the UK, there are around 10,000 new cases of bladder cancer each year and in 2014 5,369 patients died due to the disease. In total half of those diagnosed with bladder cancer survive for 10 years of more and 72% survive their diagnosis by more than a year but the survival rate varies depending on many different factors.

Cancer Research UK explains that it’s difficult to interpret bladder cancer statistics because of the changes in classification and coding practices. However, the figures show that when diagnosed at the earliest stage more than 8 in 10 people with bladder cancer survive their disease by five years or more. If the cancer isn’t diagnosed until the last stage, then just 1 in 10 people outlive their diagnosis by more than 5 years. Age also has an impact, with those that are younger more likely to beat the disease and the survival rate is higher in men than women.

What is the kidney cancer survival rate?

Generally the prognosis for kidney cancer diagnosis is good. According to statistics from Cancer Research UK, more than 70% of people diagnosed with kidney cancer in England and Wales will survive their diagnosis by more than a year. Furthermore almost 60% do so for five years and around half survive their disease by a decade or more.

There are many factors that affect cancer survival rates, including the age of the patient and how quickly the disease was diagnosed. While there are no UK wide statistics to show survival rates dependent on the stage of the cancer there are figures for one area of England. According to these kidney cancer statistics, people diagnosed during the earliest stage have an 80% chance of beating their cancer for more than 5 years, while those not diagnosed until stage 4 have just a 5% chance.

If you’ve been affected by misdiagnosis when you were suffering with bladder cancer you may be able to make a claim for compensation. In order to be successful, you will need to demonstrate that medical professionals failed to provide you with the proper treatment and as a result you have had a worse outcome.

Successful bladder cancer misdiagnosis claims can be based on many factors, for instance:

• The GP not recognising the symptoms and ordering the necessary tests
• Test results being read incorrectly
• An unnecessary delay in the referral process
• Medical professionals failing to follow up test results that show abnormalities
If you’re unsure whether you have medical negligence claim for delay in bladder cancer diagnosis, you can contact us to discuss your experiences

The amount of compensation you could receive varies. The final amount depends upon your personal circumstances, that is how you have been affected physically and emotionally by the negligence and what financial losses you have experienced in the past and what the future will hold for you and your family. For example:

• The impact the misdiagnosis had on the treatment options
• Whether a delayed diagnosis meant the cancer developed further or spread to other areas of the body
• The effect of misdiagnosis on the survival rate of bladder cancer
• The undue suffering that was caused by misdiagnosis
• How the delayed diagnosis and treatment will affect your quality of life

Delay in bladder cancer diagnosis claims can also involve other factors when calculating the value, including loss of income, travel expenses, and additional medical costs.

It’s not possible to value your claim without fully understanding your circumstances and how it has affected you, but we will talk to you about this and give you the best advice that we can as your case progresses.

All types of cancer are the result of cells growing abnormally and creating masses known as tumours. In the case of bladder cancer, the cells that initially began acting differently are from the bladder lining, which can then spread to affect the surrounding muscles and other parts of the body.

In the UK, around 10,400 people are diagnosed with bladder cancer every year, making it the 7th most common cancer in the country. There are numerous causes and risk factors associated with the disease. Among factors that have been linked to increasing the risk of developing bladder cancer are:

• Smoking – Smoking is the biggest risk factor linked with bladder cancer because tobacco contains carcinogenic chemicals. It’s possible for the bladder to be affected by these harmful chemicals. The NHS estimates that around a third of all bladder cancers are caused by smoking.

• Exposure chemicals – Estimates suggest that around a quarter of bladder cancer cases are linked to exposure to certain industrial chemicals. Among these chemicals are aniline dyes, Benzedrine, 2-napthylamine, and 4-aminobiphenyl.

Other factors have also been associated with bladder cancer but the research supporting these links have less evidence and are present in fewer cases. These include:

• Previous radiotherapy to treat cancers near the bladder
• Certain chemotherapy treatments
• Past surgery to remove part of the prostate gland
• Diabetes
• Having an indwelling catheter for a long period of time
• Long-term or repeated urinary tract infections (UTIs)
• Long-term bladder stones
• Early menopause

Read less

The most common bladder cancer symptom is blood in the urine. It’s often the bladder cancer sign that patients first notice. The symptom isn’t usually associated with pain and it may come and go or may not always be noticeable. Around 80% of people will bladder cancer have some blood in their urine, even if it isn’t always visible.

Other signs of bladder cancer are less common but include:

• A need to urinate more frequently
• Sudden urges to urinate
• A burning sensation when passing urine

In some cases it is possible for the early signs of bladder cancer to be missed and the NHS recommends making a GP appointment if you ever have blood in your urine. However, in most cases blood being present signals another condition, such as a UTI or kidney stones, rather than bladder cancer.

As the cancer develops and begins to spread beyond the bladder lining other symptoms may become present, including:

• Pelvic pain
• Bone pain
• Unintentional weight loss
• Swelling of the legs

The first step to a bladder cancer diagnosis is often an appointment with a GP. Your doctor should speak with you about your symptoms, family history, and exposure to possible risk factors. It’s likely they will also ask you for a urine sample that can be further tested for abnormal cells. If your doctor believes you have bladder cancer you will be referred for further testing at a hospital.

The NHS has guidelines to outline how quickly patients should be referred if a doctor suspects bladder cancer. In some cases this should be as quickly as 2 weeks. There are several ways health professionals can obtain a bladder cancer diagnosis. In most cases you will be offered a cystoscopy first. This is where a specialist examines the inside of the bladder by passing a cystoscope through the urethra.

If further examination is needed or abnormalities have been found, other tests may include:

• CT scan
• MRI scan
• Intravenous urogram
• Transurethral resection of a bladder tumour – this is where a sample of the bladder is removed and tested for cancerous cells.

After a diagnosis has been obtained it’s important for professionals to stage and grade the cancer. This process affects the treatment you will be offered and signals how developed the cancer is and whether it has spread to other parts of the body.

It is possible for bladder cancer misdiagnosis to occur. The typically mild symptoms of the disease means that the initial signs of bladder cancer can be associated with other conditions at first, resulting in a delay in treatment beginning. Achieving an accurate diagnosis often relies on the GP to spot the early warning signs and refer a patient for further testing.

A late bladder cancer diagnosis can have a serious impact on the treatment options available and the chances of the patient beating the disease. There are a number of conditions that bladder cancer may be misdiagnosed as, including:

• A bladder infection, urinary tract infection (UTI), or cystitis
• Overactive bladder
• A kidney infection
• Bladder stones
• Enlarged prostate gland
• Benign bladder tumours

All hospitals in the UK use multidisciplinary teams to treat bladder cancer. These teams contain specialists in a variety of areas who will consider your personal circumstances, from the stage of the cancer to your general health, to create a treatment plan for you. Treatment will also consider the type of bladder cancer you have. While the team will make recommendations and talk you through different options, the final decision remains with the patient.

Non-muscle invasive bladder cancer
If you’ve been diagnosed with non-muscle invasive bladder cancer, the treatment you’re recommended will depend on the risk of the cancer spreading or returning following treatment. Treatment for non-muscle invasive bladder cancer may include:

• Transurethral resection of a bladder tumour – Where visible tumours are cut away from the bladder
• Chemotherapy
• Bacillus Calmette-Guerin treatment
• Cystectomy – An operation where the bladder is removed

Muscle-invasive bladder cancer
Again, the treatment for muscle-invasive bladder cancer will depend on your personal situation, including how far the cancer has spread. Treatment will aim to cure the condition where possible but if this isn’t the case it will aim to control the cancer and relieve symptoms. Treatment options include:

• Cystectomy – Where the bladder is removed during an operation
• Radiotherapy with a radiosensitiiser
• Chemotherapy

There are several different types of bladder cancer. The type of cancer indicates the type of cells and where the cancer first began to develop. The type of cancer diagnosed can have an impact on the treatment that is recommended for a patient.

The most common form of bladder cancer in the UK is transitional cell bladder cancer. Around 90% of all bladder cancers are this type, sometimes referred to as urothelial cancer, and it’s starts if the cells of the bladder lining. Transitional cell cancer are split into a further two categories – non-muscle invasive bladder cancer and invasive bladder cancer – and the treatment for the two is very different.

Other forms of bladder cancer include:

• Squamous cell bladder cancer – Only around 5% of bladder cancers in the UK are this type but it’s a type that’s more common in developing countries. Squamous cells are the cells that make up the moist tissue that lines the body’s organs.

• Andenocarcinoma of the bladder – Just to 2% of bladder cancer in the UK are adenocarcinoma of the bladder. This type of cancer starts in the cells that line the bladder and produce mucus.

There are other forms of bladder cancers but these are rare. It’s also possible for cancers that started in other parts of the body, such as the prostate or cervix, to spread to the bladder, these are known as secondary cancers.

Main renal cancer treatment options include:

• Surgery
Surgery aims to remove the cancerous tissue. It can involve a partial nephrectomy, where just a portion of the affected kidney is removed, or a radical nephrectomy, where an entire kidney is removed. Even if it’s necessary to remove a whole kidney it’s possible to live a normal life following the procedure.

• Ablation therapies
Ablation therapies work by destroying the cancerous cells, either by freezing or heating them. It’s typically a treatment option that is recommended only if the tumour is small in size or under certain circumstances, such as it being vital that the kidney continues to work.

• Biological therapies
Biological or targeted therapies are medications that can help stop the cancer from growing or spreading further. It’s usually an option when the cancer has reached an advanced stage. The NHS currently recommends several different biological therapies for renal cancer for routine use.

• Embolisation
If kidney cancer has reached an advanced stage or you’re not a suitable candidate for surgery, the team responsible for your care may suggest embolisation. It’s a process that involves cutting off the blood supply to the tumour, causing it to shrink.

• Radiotherapy
Radiotherapy is usually only used in renal cancer cases if a complete cure isn’t an option. The radiation given during the treatment can slow the progress of the disease and help to alleviate symptoms.

Read less

In the UK, there are around 10,000 new cases of bladder cancer each year and in 2014 5,369 patients died due to the disease. In total half of those diagnosed with bladder cancer survive for 10 years of more and 72% survive their diagnosis by more than a year but the survival rate varies depending on many different factors.

Cancer Research UK explains that it’s difficult to interpret bladder cancer statistics because of the changes in classification and coding practices. However, the figures show that when diagnosed at the earliest stage more than 8 in 10 people with bladder cancer survive their disease by five years or more. If the cancer isn’t diagnosed until the last stage, then just 1 in 10 people outlive their diagnosis by more than 5 years. Age also has an impact, with those that are younger more likely to beat the disease and the survival rate is higher in men than women.

Generally the prognosis for kidney cancer diagnosis is good. According to statistics from Cancer Research UK, more than 70% of people diagnosed with kidney cancer in England and Wales will survive their diagnosis by more than a year. Furthermore almost 60% do so for five years and around half survive their disease by a decade or more.

There are many factors that affect cancer survival rates, including the age of the patient and how quickly the disease was diagnosed. While there are no UK wide statistics to show survival rates dependent on the stage of the cancer there are figures for one area of England. According to these kidney cancer statistics, people diagnosed during the earliest stage have an 80% chance of beating their cancer for more than 5 years, while those not diagnosed until stage 4 have just a 5% chance.