In the majority of cases, babies delivered through an assisted delivery are only affected in minor ways that will heal on their own. However, there are significant risks that should be considered in each individual set of circumstances.
- Can forceps delivery cause brain damage?
A common concern among expectant mothers are the risks around forceps delivery and brain damage. The proper use of both forceps and vacuum extraction is essential to ensure the instrument is applied evenly to a baby’s head and without excessive force. Too much strain can lead to compression of the head, swelling in the brain and haemorrhages that can result in brain damage and resultant conditions, although this is very rare.
- Can forceps delivery cause nerve damage?
The wrong assisted delivery method or the technique being performed poorly can result in nerve damage occurring in a limited number of cases. Nerves injured in forceps delivery can result in facial palsy, the paralysis of the muscle in one side of the face.
- Can forceps delivery cause eye damage or blindness?
There have been instances of babies being born blind or with permanent eye damage after a forceps delivery was not performed correctly. It is rare but medical negligence during a delivery can occur and have a lifelong impact.
- Can forceps delivery cause deafness?
Trauma during the birth can cause damage to the ears and in some cases deafness. While this is rare, the injuries can be permanent, including those sustained due to a forceps delivery.
- Can forceps delivery cause cerebral palsy?
A traumatic forceps delivery could result in cerebral palsy in a limited number of cases. Cerebral palsy is the term given to a number of neurological conditions that affect movement and coordination, the severity of which varies. A traumatic delivery can cause cerebral palsy if excessive force or strain is applied to the baby’s head, causing brain damage.
- Can forceps delivery cause epilepsy?
Yes, in rare cases. Epilepsy and other seizure disorders can be caused by a traumatic assisted delivery if a skull fracture occurs or excessive force is applied during the delivery. Epilepsy is a common side effect of cerebral palsy, particularly in severe cases.
- Can forceps delivery cause autism and ADHD?
Studies have linked birth injuries to ADHD and autism. There are a number of injuries that have been indicated to be linked to disorders, included among these are injuries caused by forceps and vacuum extraction births, such as damage to the nervous system and swelling of the brain.