General health - your GP or a doctor should ask questions concerning your general health, medical history, and symptoms.
Blood test – to measure glucose levels, cholesterol levels, urea – waste product in the urine, creatine - supplies energy to the muscle cells, and the rate at which blood is filtered through the kidneys.
Urine test – to detect micro amounts of a protein, which appear at the early stages of diabetic kidney disease.
Kidney biopsy (if necessary) - to confirm the diagnosis or determine the severity of the disease.
Eye test – to evaluate the blood vessels in your retinas and the presence of a retinopathy
ECG testing – to test the heart’s electrical activity by running/walking on a treadmill
ABI (ankle/brachial index) test - to measure blood pressure in the ankle and arm, and then compare the two numbers to check if they’re equal. If ankle pressure is half or below arm pressure, it’s likely that the leg arteries have narrowed.
Ultrasound test - to measure the speed of blood flow and structure of leg vessels by using sound waves at a higher frequency than humans can detect, which are reflected back by the arteries and blood cells.